The study consisted of two groups of respondents, first was the twenty-two staff of the institute. The second group involved all nineteen cancer patients treated and managed at the institute.
The main instrument used was the locally made 5 point Likert scale type of questionnaires. This was particularly patterned from the Patient Music Assessment Tool (PMAT) on the study done by Alvarado (2005) and from O'Connor's Spiritual Vitality Assessment by O'Connor (Giffen and Stratford, 2005).
The statistical treatments used were frequency count, percentage and mean to describe the profile of the staff, the patient, the of music patient's prefer, and the level of effectiveness of music therapy in terms of physical, psychological, social, and spiritual managements. The Pearson's Product-Moment of Coefficient of Correlation, Coefficient of Determination and t-test for relationship were employed to determine how the staff, patient and music related factors affect the level of effectiveness of music therapy. The z-test for significant difference was used to find out the perception between the staff and patient as to the level of effectiveness of music therapy.
The study revealed the following findings: the profile of the hospital staff in terms of the level of awareness on the program showed they were aware of the program with a very preferable attitude. A highly preferable attitude towards the patients resulted further.
The profile of the patient in terms of age belonged to 35-65 years bracket, majority was female, and stage IV of cancer comprised the majority of the patients. They showed a highly preferable attitude towards music therapy.
On the type of music patients preferred, live style music was highly preferred while the vocal classification was highly preferable. The category variation of music, the Gospel/ religious/ inspirational type of music were highly preferable by the patients.
For both the staff and patients, the level of effectiveness of music therapy in terms of physical, psychological, social and the spiritual management yielded highly effective.
Staff, patient, and music related factors significantly affect the level of effectiveness of the music therapy, thus rejecting the null hypothesis. Both the staff and patient did not have the significant difference in the perception as to the level of effectiveness of music therapy.
In the light of these findings, the following were hereby recommended to the institute: provide music therapists with incentives, motivations and other support programs to maintain their effectiveness; actively participate in the information dissemination regarding cancer and its standardized screening test not only on the working and retire able groups but also for everybody; continue implementing their choice of music at the same time offer logistic support for the staff like microphones and speakers and the likes since live vocal type of music were highly preferred by patients; remain consistent in implementing and serious in integrating music therapy program on their respective management of care to cancer patients.
Continuing training of the staff to upgrade and modernize their skills in such program would mean a positive giant in managing patients especially cancer. The institute should invite health and non-health institutions to participate in seminars/trainings/meetings they would conduct on music therapy program. The activity could help orient and suggest the avenue of management which found to have significant effect to cancer patients. A thorough investigation on the same study be made possible to find out further its relevance not only on health-related but also on the non-health related institutions. Since, the style of music patients preferred greatly affects the level of effectiveness of the music therapy, conduct research study using experimental design.
This descriptive correlation study analyzed the effect of staff, patients and music related factors on the level of effectiveness of music therapy to cancer patients at the Institute for Natural Healing, Olongapo City F.Y. 2006.
Specifically, it aimed to determine the profiles of the hospital staff and the patient, and the type of music. It further intended to find out the level of effectiveness of music therapy in terms of physical, psychological, social and the spiritual managements. Likewise, it sought to determine the effect of the staff, patient and music related variables on the level of effectiveness of music therapy; the significant difference in the perception between the staff and patient as to the level of effectiveness of music therapy ; and the factor that generally affect the level of effectiveness of music therapy.